G. Gordon Liddy, a brash former FBI agent who helped orchestrate the 1972 Watergate break-in, died on Tuesday at the age of 90.
Liddy, who parlayed his Watergate infamy into a 20-year career as a conservative talk-radio host, died at his daughter’s home in Fairfax County, Virginia.
His son Thomas P. Liddy confirmed the death but did not give a cause, saying only that it was unrelated to COVID-19, according to The Washington Post.
G. Gordon Liddy, pictured speaking on Fox News in 2005, has died at the age of 90
Liddy is pictured in the 1970s, at the height of the Watergate drama that dominated his life
Liddy is seen at CPAC in February 2010, reading The Wall Street Journal from his radio booth
Liddy, born George Gordon Battle Liddy, was one of the notorious White House ‘plumbers’ whose job it was to plug leaks to the media in the Nixon administration.
His portfolio at Nixon’s Committee to Re-elect the President was ‘dirty tricks’ – and he approached the job with gusto.
He and colleague E. Howard Hunt, a former CIA agent, came up with schemes so outlandish and illegal that their superiors often squelched them.
Among them were a plot to kill investigative columnist Jack Anderson, an ardent Nixon critic; having anti-war protesters at the Republican National Committee in San Diego in 1972 kidnapped and taken across the border into Mexico; and luring Democratic Party officials to a party with prostitutes.
But not all their plans were rejected.
In 1971 a few months before the Watergate burglary, Liddy was part of the break-in at the offices of a psychiatrist who was seeing Daniel Ellsberg, a former U.S. military analyst who leaked the top-secret Pentagon Papers about the U.S. war in Vietnam.
Then came the break-in that would undo Nixon.
Liddy and Hunt came up with the plan to get into the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate hotel-office complex in Washington as Nixon was seeking re-election in 1972.
After his team was caught, Liddy would be convicted of conspiracy, burglary and wiretapping for the Watergate and Ellsberg break-ins.
He was sentenced to up to 20 years in prison and served nearly five before being released – thanks to a commutation in 1977 from Democratic President Jimmy Carter, who felt his sentence was out of proportion to those meted out to other Watergate criminals.
Unlike his six co-defendants, Liddy refused to cooperate with prosecutors, which had led a judge to add 18 months to the prison term because he would not answer a grand jury’s questions.
Liddy’s time in prison was the longest of any Watergate figure but he remained unapologetic about his crime and told the New York Times he would do it again if asked.
He also was proud about not cooperating with the grand jury while denouncing those who had.
He drove a Rolls-Royce with a license plate that said ‘H20-GATE.’
Liddy stands in Dallas during a promotional book tour for his autobiography Will in June 1982
After prison, Liddy started a security-investigation firm, wrote best-selling books, had a few acting roles on television and in movies and in 1992 became host of a Washington-based radio talk show that was eventually syndicated to more than 225 stations. He retired in 2012.
With ramrod-straight posture and a trademark brushy mustache, Liddy was known for his bravado.
He bragged about being able to hold his hand over a flame without flinching and spoke of being able to kill a person with just a pencil.
When callers to his radio show asked how he was doing, he barked: ‘Virile, vigorous and potent!’
Liddy said he was a wimp as a child until he decided to do something about it.
In his 1980 autobiography ‘Will,’ he said he was inspired by the tenor of the speeches of Adolf Hitler that his family’s German maid listened to on the radio and determined to make a man of himself.
His course included roasting and eating a rat and lashing himself to a tree during a lightning storm to overcome his fears.
In 2001, Liddy’s reported belief that the Watergate break-in was meant to cover up a call-girl ring operated out of Democratic headquarters was a key component of a defamation suit against him by Ida ‘Maxie’ Wells, a secretary at the Democratic headquarters at the time of the break-in.
According to the Washington Post, Liddy said in at least two speeches that Nixon lawyer John Dean orchestrated the break-in to steal pictures of scantily clad prostitutes, including Dean’s then-girlfriend, from Wells’ desk.
A federal jury deadlocked and the case was dismissed.
Liddy is seen playing the character of Mr Real Estate in an episode of Miami Vice in 1985
Born November 30, 1930, in New York City, Liddy graduated with a bachelor’s degree from Fordham University in 1952 and a law degree from Fordham Law School in 1957.
After two years’ U.S. Army service, Liddy became a special agent of the FBI before resigning in 1962 to practice law in Manhattan.
He then served as prosecutor in New York’s Dutchess County, where he was known for wearing a pistol to court.
‘He believed passionately in the dangers of drugs, criminals and Communists,’ said a New York Times profile in 1973.
As a prosecutor, he was involved in the 1960s raid on Timothy Leary, the former Harvard professor and LSD advocate who had a commune near Poughkeepsie, New York.
In the 1980s the two men would tour the nation putting on debates on moral and social issues.
Liddy unsuccessfully sought election to Congress from New York’s 28th district in 1968 but that year played a significant role in Nixon’s presidential campaign in the district.
Liddy and his wife, Frances, who died in 2010, had five children.
The Watergate scandal
The backdrop of the Watergate scandal was the fiercely contested 1972 presidential election.
Richard Nixon was running for re-election while the US was still embroiled in the Vietnam War and his team were convinced they needed to fight an aggressive campaign to win.
In May 1972, members of Nixon’s Committee to Re-Elect the President (mockingly referred to as CREEP) broke into the Democratic National Committee’s Watergate headquarters in Washington D.C.
They stole secret dossiers and wiretapped the phones.
But these bugs failed to work and a month later burglars went back to the building but were noticed by security.
The police caught them red handed with equipment to install a new microphone in the office.
At first it was unclear that the burglars had any connection to Nixon, but suspicions were raised when a phone number for the president’s re-election committee was found in their possession.
In August, Nixon held a news conference in which he denied that his staff were involved in the break-in.
A few months later the American people handed him a landslide election victory.
It would later emerge that the president had arranged for hundreds of thousands in ‘hush money’ to be paid to the burglars.
More grave was a plan hatched with his advisors to tell the CIA to block the FBI’s investigation. This was an abuse of his power and an obstruction of justice.
Seven people were indicted over their role in the Watergate scandal, five pleaded guilty while the other two were convicted in January, 1973.
By this time a number of people were deeply suspicious that there had been a more serious plot at work, including Washington Post reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein.
Some of those indicted started to crack up and an anonymous source, who Woodward and Bernstein called Deep Throat, provided explosive information.
Some of Nixon’s top White House aides told a grand jury of the president’s crimes and it was revealed that Nixon secretly recorded every conversation in the Oval Office.
Prosecutors went after those tapes and Nixon was ultimately unable to prevent them from becoming public.
Nixon fired independent special prosecutor Archibald Cox when he refused to stop demanding the tapes.
Several other members of the Justice Department stood down and these October, 1973, resignations became known as the Saturday Night Massacre.
By 1974, Nixon had agreed to hand over some of the tapes and the cover-up was rapidly unravelling.
In March, a grand jury appointed by the special prosecutor indicted seven of Nixon’s former staff. The jury referred to Nixon as an ‘unindicted co-conspirator.’
In July, Nixon was ordered to turn over all of his Oval Office recordings by the Supreme Court.
The House Judiciary Committee voted to impeach the president for obstruction of justice, abuse of power and criminal cover-up.
Eventually, on August 5, Nixon bowed and released the tapes to provide unequivocal proof that he was directly involved in Watergate.
Nixon, facing certain impeachment, resigned three days later.
Six weeks later Vice President Gerald Ford was sworn in and pardoned Nixon.
But other White House staffers were not as fortunate, they included the former FBI agent G. Gordon Liddy who masterminded the plot. He served four and a half years behind bars.
The Attorney General John Mitchell served 19 months, Chief of Staff H.R. Haldeman was sent to prison for the same length of time, while assistant to the president for domestic affairs, John Ehrlichman, was jailed for 18 months.