While details of her life are for the most part well known, the exact circumstances of her birth remain shrouded in mystery. There are even rumours the Queen Consort to King George VI entered this world in the humble surroundings of a horse-drawn ambulance in London. The Queen Mother was born on August 4, 1900 and was christened Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon.
She was the youngest daughter of ten children to Claude Bowes-Lyon, Lord Glamis, and Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck.
The Bowes-Lyon family is descended from the Royal House of Scotland.
One of her 14th-century ancestors, Sir John Lyon, became Thane of Glamis, home of Macbeth 300 years before.
Although Glamis Castle is the family seat, the Queen Mother grew up at her childhood home of St Paul’s Walden Bury in Hertfordshire.
It was this address that was entered on her birth certificate, by her father six weeks after her arrival.
Yet, many believe the Queen Mother was actually born in London and not in Hitchin.
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It is possible that her father was confused about her place of birth, as he was on a trip to Scotland at the time.
As Queen Consort and then Queen Mother, she led an active life that included plenty of overseas Royal tours and patronages.
She helped represent some 350 organisations, serving as President of the British Red Cross Society and Commandant-in-Chief of the Nursing Division of the St John Ambulance Brigade, to name but just two of her roles.